Globally, there are 150 million children living with disabilities. They are often denied an education because they are the most vulnerable and excluded people in their communities. Children with disabilities are 10 times less likely to attend school than those without. If they attend school, they are more likely to drop out early while the level of schooling. Children with disabilities are often unable to go to school because of unsuitable school buildings. There is a limited understanding within their communities and among teachers about their learning needs. Which is often fuelled by prejudices around disability. It is a must that every child completes a quality, inclusive education school without discrimination or exclusion.
Thus this is a need of an hour to create an inclusive education school for the needy to flourish their future. This book has been prepared strictly according to the syllabus of the II year B.Ed., programme, prescribed by TNTE University. Hopefully, this manuscript would serve as a ‘ready to refer’ tool for all the teacher educators, prospective teachers, academicians and others.
A significant portion of our population has impairments which reduce their ability to effectively or safely use standard consumer products. These impairments may be acquired at birth or through accident or disease. Note that much impairment which results in disabilities is associated with aging. This is especially significant, as the population as a whole is growing older. Although there is a tremendous variety of specific causes, as well as combinations and severity of disabilities. We can most easily relate their basic impact to the use of consumer products by looking at four major categories of impairment.
A disability is a condition or function judged to be significantly impaired relative to the usual standard of an individual or group. The term is used to refer to individual functioning, including physical impairment, sensory impairment, cognitive impairment, intellectual impairment, mental illness, and various types of chronic disease.